Hargeisa is a city in the capital of Somaliland. With a population of approximately 2 million residents, it is the largest city in the country. It was the colonial capital of the British Somaliland protectorate from 1941 to 1960, when it gained independence as the State of Somaliland and united with Italian Somaliland to form the Somali Republic. The city is situated in a valley in the Galgodon (Ogo) highlands, and sits at an elevation of 4,377 feet (1,334 m). Home to a lot of rock art from the Neolithic period.
Hargeisa is also a commercial hub for precious stone-cutting, construction, retail services and importing/exporting, among other activities.Hargeisa is located in a valley in the western section of the country. The city is in a mountainous area because it is situated in an enclosed valley of the Galgodon (Ogo) highlands, at an elevation of 1,334 meters (4,377 ft) above sea level. This altitude gives Hargeisa and the surrounding area a milder climate than the Gulf of Aden coastal area (one of the hottest areas on earth) and the Hargeisa region has a fairly equable climate. The temperature ranges between 13 and 32 degrees Celsius (55 and 89 degrees Fahrenheit).Hargeisa receives larger amounts of rain, and used to be surrounded by forest when the city was smaller but the countryside around the city still has small juniper forests. Near Hargeisa are the fertile Sheikh and Daallo mountains, which also receive large amount of rain. Its sites of fertility can be mentioned Allay - Baday (center of the Tomatoes sawing produces millions of tons of tomato and onion each month during the rainy season, also Arabsiyo - center lemon production)
South of Hargeisa is the Hawd Savannah (Baligubadle) which attracts many different animals to graze in the areaHargeisa is also close to another town in northwestern Somalia called Gabiley" -and this district it is the agricultural leader of the country